The United States simultaneously imports and exports gasoline because of regional differences in gasoline supply and demand balances. The two regions with the largest supply and demand imbalances are the East Coast, which imported 581,000 barrels per day (b/d) of gasoline in 2015, and the Gulf Coast, which exported 551,000 b/d of gasoline in 2015. Regional supply and demand balances in these two regions are described in detail in EIA’s recent PADD 1 and PADD 3 Transportation Fuels Markets report . East Coast (defined as Petroleum Administration for Defense District, or PADD, 1) refining capacity is below consumption, and to meet demand gasoline must be shipped in from other parts of the United States and from international sources. Refining capacity in the Gulf Coast (PADD 3), conversely, exceeds demand, allowing the region to send gasoline elsewhere in the United States and […]