Could the key to nuclear fusion be a low-temperature reactor with no radioactive fuel or waste? In HB11s reactor, lasers collide hydrogen and boron together to generate charged helium atoms. Scientists in Australia are making some astonishing claims about a new nuclear reactor technology. Startup HB11, which spun out of the University of New South Wales, has applied for and received patents in the U.S., Japan, and China so far. The company’s technology uses lasers to trigger a nuclear fusion reaction in hydrogen and boron—purportedly with no radioactive fuel required. The secret is a cutting-edge laser and, well, an element of luck. The laser doesn’t heat the materials. Instead, it speeds up the hydrogen to the point where it (hopefully) collides with the boron to begin a reaction. “You could say we’re using the hydrogen as a dart, and hoping to hit a boron, and if we hit one, […]