Mexico’s government designated state oil company Petróleos Mexicanos as the operator of a large offshore oil reservoir it shares with a consortium led by Houston-based Talos Energy Inc., which has already invested heavily in the reservoir.

The designation gives Pemex management control of the joint development and comes as nationalist President Andrés Manuel López Obrador steps up efforts to revert key parts of an overhaul in 2014 that opened oil exploration and production to foreign investment.

Talos, which made the discovery in 2017, has said it should be the operator of the shared deposit. The Energy Ministry granted Pemex control of the development after the companies failed to reach an agreement.

Talos also questioned the assessment by a third-party firm that Pemex has just over half the likely reserves. The Zama oilfield, located in the southern Gulf of Mexico, straddles an area that includes a block won by the Talos-led consortium in a 2015 bidding round, and a block that Pemex was awarded in 2014 before the government began putting exploration blocks out to bid. Mr. López Obrador, who opposed the opening to private investment made under his predecessor, put a freeze on new oil block auctions when he took office in late 2018. His administration has also pushed through Congress changes in hydrocarbon and electricity laws that seek to favor the state-energy companies, although they have been blocked by the courts.

The decision on the Zama field could slow investment by other private companies among those that won blocks in the auctions that were conducted between 2015 and 2018, some analysts say.Seismic studies suggest at least three blocks have prospects that could be adjacent to fields owned by Pemex, said Gonzalo Monroy, an independent energy consultant in Mexico City, although no drilling has yet been done. “Obviously they were all waiting to see the decision on Zama,” he said.